The attack on Pearl Harbor lead to a declaration of war by President Franklin Roosevelt that was chilling for all Americans to hear in 1941. On Friday, the 71st anniversary of the attack, work begins on a new memorial in downtown Phoenix.
The assault on the naval base in Hawaii left almost 2,400 American service members dead and drew the U.S. into World War II.
More than 2,000 people gathered at Pearl Harbor to take part in a moment of silence at 7:55 a.m. Hawaiian time, marking the moment the bombing began.
Japanese fighters bombed and sank twelve naval vessels, heavily damaged nine others and destroyed more than 180 aircrafts.
President Franklin Roosevelt delivered his "fireside chat" two days later.
"The congress and the people of the United States have accepted that challenge, we are goIng to win this war and we are going to win the peace that follows," said President Roosevelt.
The two hour raid destroyed and damaged about 21 ships, including the USS Arizona. It sank in less than nine minutes after a bomb breached its deck and exploded.
There is a memorial for the USS Arizona in Pearl Harbor where people gather every year at this time.
1,177 sailors and marines were killed aboard that ship alone; Only about 340 of its crew survived.
There is an anchor memorial at the State Capitol in Phoenix, but on Friday, groundbreaking will begin on a new one.
At noon, Arizona Secretary of State Ken Bennett and the "Salute the Fallen Committee" will officially break ground.
The memorial will include gun barrels from the USS Arizona. between the barrels, a steel structure in the shape of the USS Arizona's hull will display the names of Arizona's servicemen and women who died during WWII.
There is a one mile Pearl Harbor Day Walk from Phoenix City Hall to the Arizona State Capitol at 10 a.m.
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